Sanatkumara stopped by and asked the latter the reason for being at such a lonely place. Sage Parasara replied that having done his ordained duties as a teacher and helped lots of students to gain knowledge, he decided to practice austerities for his own salvation. Sanatkumara then revealed to him the knowledge he received earlier from Nandikeswara and suggested him to practice mananam, sravanam and kirtanam instead of austerities as effective means of attaining the grace of Lord Siva and achieve liberation.
The followers of Hindu Shaivism is referred to as Shaivas or Saivas. Lord Shiva is the supreme god and is prevalent widely through out India.
Hindu Saivism in India is possibly a legacy of the non-Aryan religious belief of the pre-historic period.
Even in Indus-Valley region excavations have revealed some images of deities which resemble Siva also Shiva and Siva-linga. In fact the cult of Shiva is the fusion of the characters of many deities — specially the Vedic God Rudra. According to the Rig Veda, Rudra is the God of destruction and storm while the Yayur Veda made a synthesis of his destructive and benevolent character.
Though Siva as a God was gaining importance gradually yet the cult of Shiva as the Supreme God or even the philosophy of Shaivism became popular only after the early Christian era. In fact, there are two mono-theistic religions: Both the religious postulate Bhakti. He is thus the embodiment of two contradictory aspects.
In one, he is the father of all gods, the symbol of morality, in the other he is the destroyer Mahakala. The Shaivas begins by worshipping the images of Shiva in human form and the shiva-lingam side by side.
Shiva Linga reminds us of the omnipresent and omnipotent nature of God Shiva. Founder of Shaivism sect: It was due to Lakulin or Nakulin, a legendary as well as historical personage, the Siva worshipping religious sect was founded. He was the first great teacher of Saivism.
Both the Nathadwar inscription of Udaipur and another inscription of 13th century A.
Lakulin or Nakulin was a man of 2nd century B. However, Nakulin founded the Pasupata or Mahesvara sect of Shaivism.Shiva is the lord of dance and dramatic arts in Hinduism.    This is celebrated in Shaiva temples as Nataraja, which typically shows Shiva dancing in one of the poses in the ancient Hindu text on performance arts called the Natya Shastra.
The Shiva-related tradition is a major part of Hinduism, found all over India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Bali (Indonesia).
Scholars have interpreted early prehistoric paintings at the Bhimbetka rock shelters, carbon dated to be from pre, BCE period, as Shiva dancing, Shiva's trident, and his mount Nandi. Rock paintings from Bhimbetka, .
Sravanam: Listening from others, or in a gathering of Siva's devotees, about Lord Siva, the concepts of Saivism, the books on Saivism, the life and activities of Nayanars or other devotees of Siva. Kirtanam. As far as their belief was concerned, the advocates of invasion theory state that the inhabitants of Indus Valley were Saivites – Shiva worshippers and since Saivism is more prevalent among South Indians, the conclusion is that the inhabitants of Indus valley region could have been the Dravidians and worshippers of Shiva else Pasupathi.
Lord Shiva is the most important, popular, ancient and revered God of Hinduism,. Since ancient times, people in the Indian subcontinetn have been worshipping him, and if we have to go by some historical finding., it appears that he was worshipped in other parts of the world under different names.
Many sacred texts of Saivism were composed during this period, which included Agamas, Tantras and Puranas connected with Lord Shiva and the Mother Goddess. Famous Sanskrit scholars Kalidasa, Vishnusharma and Bharavi, astronomers Aryabhata, Varahamihira and Brahmagupta and the Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu lived during this period.