Torah is the term used for the divine source of wisdom relating to all of creation, so to work towards a definition that relates to the narrower scope of its application as law, or halakhah, begins with the Torah in a more literal sense, namely, the first five books of what the Christian western tradition calls the Pentateuch or first five books of what came to be the Bible. While the status in Biblical and form-based criticism of the ancient compilers of this narrative is beyond the scope of this guide, an oral history of commentary on the Torah arose and became written down as the Mishnah in approximately the year
Sermon on the MountThe New Commandmentand Ministry of Jesus Christian ethics in general has tended to stress the need for love, gracemercyand forgiveness because of sin. With divine assistance, the Christian is called to become increasingly virtuous in both thought and deed, see also the Evangelical counsels.
Conversely, the Christian is also called to abstain from vice.
They begin with the notion of inherent sinfulness, which requires essential atonement. Sin is estrangement from God which is the result of not doing God's will. God's will can be summed up by the precept: Christian ethics are founded upon the concept of grace which transforms a person's life and enable's one to choose and act righteously.
Christian ethics has a teleological aspect—all ethical behavior is oriented towards a vision of the Kingdom of God —a righteous society where all live in peace and harmony with God and nature, as envisioned in the Book of Isaiah.
Christian ethics is not substantially different from Jewish ethicsexcept in the exhortation to love one's enemy. Understanding these commands as part of a larger campaign makes it impossible to interpret Christian ethics as an individual ethic.
Other tenets include maintaining personal integrity and the absence of hypocrisy, as well as honesty and loyalty, mercy and forgiveness, rejection of materialism and the desire for wealth and power, and teaching others in your life through personal joy, happiness and Godly devotion.
Aquinas adopted the four cardinal virtues of Aristotle justice, courage, temperance and prudenceand added to them the Christian virtues of faith, hope and charity from St.
Paul, 1 Corinthians Other schema include the Seven Deadly Sins and the Seven virtues. For more see Christian philosophy and Biblical law in Christianity.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Learn how and when to remove this template message Confucianism and Neo-Confucianism emphasize the maintenance and propriety of relationships as the most important consideration in ethics.
To be ethical is to do what one's relationships require. Notably, though, what you owe to another person is inversely proportional to their distance from you. In other words, you owe your parents everything, but you are not in any way obligated towards strangers. This can be seen as a recognition of the fact that it is impossible to love the entire world equally and simultaneously.
This is called relational ethics, or situational ethics. The Confucian system differs very strongly from Kantian ethics in that there are rarely laws or principles which can be said to be true absolutely or universally.
This is not to say that there has never been any consideration given to universalist ethics.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (—) As an academic, philosopher, and statesman, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan () was one of the most recognized and influential Indian thinkers in academic circles in the 20th century.
Chinese philosophy: Chinese philosophy, the thought of Chinese culture, from earliest times to the present.
The keynote in Chinese philosophy is humanism: man and his society have occupied, if not monopolized, the attention of Chinese philosophers throughout the ages. Ethical and political discussions have.
Bob Whyte surveys the many strands of religion in China. The article first appeared in SACU's China Now magazine in It has often been said that the Chinese are not deeply religious.
Religion in China (CFPS ) There are no clear boundaries between these intertwined religious systems, The forms of Chinese religious expression tend to be syncretic and following one religion does not necessarily mean the rejection or denial of others. Chinese Religious and Ethical Systems It has often been said that the Chinese are not deeply religious.
It is true that they have shown a comparative indifference to metaphysical speculation; Chinese culture was perhaps the first to develop an intellectual skepticism concerning the gods. Religious Legal Systems in Comparative Law: A Guide to Introductory Research.
By Marylin Johnson Raisch. Marylin Johnson Raisch is the Librarian for International and Foreign Law at the John Wolff International and Comparative Law Library of the Georgetown Law Center.
She received her J.D. from Tulane University School of Law () with work both in civil and common law courses as well as.