Charleston had fallen to the British in the second largest surrender of American forces in history. General Horatio Gates, the Hero of Saratoga, was sent to the rescue. The defeat was so complete, units still marching to join General Gates defected wholesale to the British and took fleeing Patriots prisoner. Georgia and South Carolina appeared to be firmly in British control and it seemed to be only a matter of time before North Carolina and Virginia fell to the British.
Let us go back … as for this damned old fox, the Devil himself could not catch him. Actually Marion did not look or act like a hero at all. Colonel Marion was an uneducated bachelor who was described as eccentric and unable to get along with his fellow military officers.
He was not bold in his military tactics, but rather very cautious and prudent. Yet Marion was undoubtedly a courageous and deadly soldier, whose guerilla warfare techniques severely crippled British campaigns in the South, and helped to ensure American victory in the War for Independence.
A short time later, another American army under General Gates was shattered at Camden. Without an army or a base of operations, Colonel Marion collected a ragged band of followers and slipped into hiding in the swampy lowlands of British-occupied South Carolina.
Since over half of the South Carolina backcountry was Loyalist, or Tory, Marion engaged as much in civil war he did war against the British.
The Swamp Fox and his mounted raiders hid and camped in the woods and swamps of the backcountry, foraging for food and supplies, and when the opportunity arose, striking at the British and Tory forces with ferocity. Their chief weapon was surprise, and the ambush was their specialty.
They attacked swiftly, and then vanished into the swamps before reinforcements could arrive. British officers soon became obsessed with capturing the Swamp Fox and his men. Yet the British seemed powerless to stop him. As his name and reputation spread, scores of volunteers rode into the lowlands to join his band.
The Continental Army returned and Colonel Francis Marion, much to his dismay, found himself back in the regular army. Marion despised the rules and politics of professional soldiering and found himself constantly at odds with his commanding officers.
When the British surrendered in Charlestonhe returned to civilian life, though retaining the commission of Brigadier General in the South Carolina militia. Nevertheless, Francis Marion can share some of the credit for American independence.
It was setbacks in Carolina, after all, that propelled Lord Cornwallis to his rash decision to leave the Carolinas and attack Virginia instead—a decision that landed him and troops on the Yorktown Peninsula in Marion finally married at age 56, and led the life of a country gentleman.
Westminster, ; Robert D.MOST AMERICANS ENVISION Colonel Francis Marion, the “Swamp Fox,” as a tall, strong, handsome, and swashbuckling cavalryman, fearlessly leading South Carolinians to .
Francis Marion: Francis Marion, colonial American soldier in the American Revolution (–83), nicknamed the “Swamp Fox” by the British for his elusive tactics. Marion gained his first military experience fighting against the Cherokee Indians in Then, serving as a member of the South Carolina Provincial.
On learning of these defeats, Francis Marion decided to fight on; he continued his mission and moved to destroy boats at Murry's Ferry. The next day he moved to Nelson's Ferry, where that evening, Colonel Marion received a report from a Tory deserter that American night at Thomas Sumter's house at Great Savannah.
Francis Marion was a militia leader in the American Revolution known as the 'Swamp Fox.' He employed guerrilla warfare and ambush tactics in the South Carolina backcountry.
The role of Francis Marion in the history of the United States of America. Home; Chronological Eras. Turning from military to domestic matters, Marion became a successful planter in St. John’s Parish. He later received a small inheritance and purchased a larger plantation on the Santee River.
The Life of Francis Marion by . Early Life. Francis Marion was born on February 26, He was one of six children born to Gabriel and Charlotte Marion. Shortly before his 25th birthday, he was recruited to the military to fight in the However, Gates had no faith in Francis, so he assigned him to take command of the Williamsburg Militia and go on scouting missions.